Data standard

Encoding is the process of converting information from one format into another.

In computing, encoding is used to represent data in a specific format that can be understood and processed by computers or human. There are many types of encoding, including:

  • Character encoding: The representation of characters (letters, numbers, symbols, etc.) as unique sequences of binary data. Examples include ASCII, Unicode, UTF-8, etc.

  • Data encoding: The process of converting structured data into a format that can be transmitted or stored efficiently. Examples include XML, JSON, base64, etc.

  • Audio/Video encoding: The process of compressing audio or video data into a smaller and more manageable format for storage or transmission.

  • etc.

Encoding is a fundamental concept in data storage, transmission, and processing, as it allows information to be represented in a standard and consistent format that can be understood by different systems.

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